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Comparing & Evaluating the Efficiency of Gas Heating vs. ASHP Powered by Gas-Fired Electricity

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Transparent
(@transparent)
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Allow me to post a hypothesis...

It's possible that 'we' discard renewable generation in order to keep gas-generation plants operating in combined cycle mode overnight. But I'm not yet sure how to verify that.

Allow me to use my own region to illustrate this. It makes life simpler because it's a peninsula, and the source of electricity is therefore much easier to trace.

Here's a snapshot of the Connected Large Generation sites from last year...

Fraddon LargeGenerators

Fraddon is a Bulk Supply Point (BSP) which takes the electricity generated by those onshore wind-farms I've identified on the north Cornwall coast.
Here's where a BSP sits in the Distribution Grid hierarchy of voltages:

DistrGridMd

 

Since we've had a lot of wind from the north during the last week, you'd expect these wind-turbines to be generating lots both day & night.

We can see that my looking at the statistics for Fraddon itself over that time:

image

The lower-half of that graphic displays the actual situation between 22:00 - 23:00 last night (Thurs 6th June) because that's the time period I clicked on. I want to ensure I'm selecting a time when there's no solar generation for the purposes of this exercise.

Let me now expand that to see a breakdown of generation types behind the Renewables and Fossil Fuels labels:

FraddonEnergyMix060624

And that raises an interesting question as to why Fraddon would need any electricity from a gas generation plant last night?!

Let's just see where that gas generation site is:

image

Is it possible that the Gas Turbine generators at Langage, east of Plymouth, are reducing the amount they charge for electricity at night, such that it costs less to buy than the Zero-Carbon output from the Cornish wind-turbine sites?

Such a move would allow the gas-turbine generators to remain operating in closed-cycle mode instead of shutting down overnight.

Here's another graph which might shed some light on this:

It shows an 'illustrative' ANM plot which would apply if I was wanting to connect a commercial battery storage (BESS) plant to the Distribution Grid in the vicinity of Fraddon. ANM is Automated Network Management, which reduces the amount of power that may be fed to the grid during times of excess generation.

ANM 8pt7MW Indian Queens S.G.P. Bsp 33kV

The graph shows time of day (x-axis) against day of the year (y-axis).
The darker the colour, the less electricity I would be able to export to the grid.

That ANM plot is typical of a location where the dominant generation is from wind.

And if we're 'discarding' wind generation in the Fraddon area because there's over-supply, then why would there be the need for any electricity derived from a gas-turbine plant 50-miles away? We should be seeing the night-time energy-mix at Fraddon to be almost exclusively from those nearby wind-turbines, wouldn't we?

This post was modified 3 weeks ago 3 times by Transparent
This post was modified 2 weeks ago 2 times by Transparent

Save energy... recycle electrons!


   
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(@derek-m)
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@transparent

If the electricity supply industry and grid was still state owned, then renewable generation make take precedence over other forms of generation, but that is no longer the case. Owners of gas fired power stations may therefore find it more cost effective to supply electrical energy at cost or slightly below cost rather than shutting down for several hours during low demand periods.

The grid and distribution operators have to balance supply to demand, and to be able to do so they must have a percentage of the overall supply which they can call upon to increase or reduce generation in a controlled manner. At the moment this is normally gas fired power stations. There must be some controlled generation operating to be able to balance the changes in supply from renewable sources.

 


   
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Majordennisbloodnok
(@majordennisbloodnok)
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That is a well-reasoned and persuasive argument, @transparent. I'd guess we'd need an insider to confirm that, of course, but what you say certainly hangs together.

Is it possible to get a dataset of price per MW per generator over time for each power source in the UK? I feel sure a bit of data mining could reveal quite a lot....

105 m2 bungalow in South East England
Mitsubishi Ecodan 8.5 kW air source heat pump
18 x 360W solar panels
1 x 6 kW GroWatt battery and inverter
Raised beds for home-grown veg and chickens for eggs

"Semper in excretia; suus solum profundum variat"


   
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(@derek-m)
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@transparent

My wife and I have just been out for a meal with some close friends. My friend, who works for NG, made me aware of quite an interesting fact, that the present gas distribution system transports 3 times more energy than the electricity distribution system, the later of which could be struggling to meet demand come the next Winter.

It may be time to buy a portable generator.


   
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